Arts and Crafts
international design movement (1860)
The international movement of design Arts and Crafts was founded in Britain in the late nineteenth century, it develops and continues to assert its influence up to 1930 in Europe and North America.
Composed by the painter and writer William Morris (1834-1896) and architect Charles Voysey (1857-1941) from 1860, inspired by the writings of John Ruskin (1819-1900) and Augustus Pugin (1812-1852).
Born as a reaction against the state of impoverishment of the decorative arts of the time and the conditions they were made products. He looks to the past, to medieval craft tradition, with the creation of simple shapes, styles and decorations popular romantic.
The motion proposes an economic and social reform and stands against the rising industrial production method. The main architect of the Arts and Crafts movement was William Morris (1834-1896), the name of the movement was coined only in 1887, thanks to TJ Cobden Sanderson.
Morris's ideas were influenced by the Pre-Raphaelites, which was part and on his reading of Ruskin. In 1861 Morris and some of his friends founded the company Morris, Marshall, Faulkner & Co., which designs and manufactures decorative items for the home, including wallpaper, fabrics, furniture and stained glass.